Антоний, митрополит Су́рожский

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Sermon 51 Sermon 52 Sermon 53

On Forgiveness

Newsletter N. 78, September 1976

St. Matthew XVIII, 23–35

29.8.76

In the Name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost.

Often people are struck by the question: how can a man be saved? And we find in this passage of the Gospel, as in a whole number of others, such a simple precise answer to it. Your salvation is in your own hands – forgive: and you will be forgiven. And the moment you are forgiven, it means that eternal life is open to you. In today's Gospel Christ tells us about a man who owed a vast sum of money to his overlord but had no means of repaying and his Lord forgave him all because he had pity on him. After leaving his overlord's presence this man met another who owed him a small amount, and began demanding payment without mercy. Hearing this the overlord said: I forgave you your enormous debt, so how could you not forgive your debtor his small indebtedness? In the same way we expect that through one word of God's mercy, the gates of eternal life will be opened for us, yet we close these very doors – no, the small doors of this temporal life in the face of another person. What can we hope for?

The Gospel says in another place: with what measure you measure it shall be measured unto you; in the Beatitudes it says: blessed are the merciful for they shall obtain mercy, and in the Lord's prayer: forgive us as we forgive... How simple it all seems, and yet how difficult we find it. It would be simple if our hearts responded to sorrow, to need; it is difficult because our hearts are silent. But why is this so? мая it not be because when someone behaves badly we always think he must be a bad man, without realising that often the man so much wants to be good, so much wants every word of his to be pure, his thoughts and his heart pure, his actions worthy ones, but he simply has not the strength, he is enmeshed by old habits, by the pressures of his environment, by false shame and so many other things. And he continues to act wrongly; but we could disentangle him. We could look at him as God looks at him, with pity, as one might look at a sick man dying of a disease that could be cured if only he were given the right treatment.

And each one of us could do what is necessary for someone. Look at a man and pity him for being wicked, angry, vengeful, bad in one way or another. Have pity on him and turn the bright side of your soul towards him, tell him that his actions and his words will not deceive you, however wicked they may be, because you know that he is an image, an icon of God, besmirched and disfigured, and yet in him you bow down to God, and love him as a brother. To do this may cost you a great deal, but if you can do it once or twice and see how a person changes because you have faith in him, because you have rested God's hope on him, what a world we should live in – a world of mutual trust. True, we should have to pay for it with our heart's blood, with tears of compassion, with agony of soul, but what joy there would be not only among the angels of God in heaven when they saw a sinner saved, but in our own hearts when we suddenly saw that in response to our compassion and love, a person was filled with the light of eternal life.


Sermon 51 Sermon 52 Sermon 53